Overcharging for services or providing inferior services

Any type of healthcare provider may be able to overcharge for the services and treatments provided. For example, pharmacists may charge patients too much for medicines and medical devices dispensed. This could be part of a facility-wide policy to extract money from patients. Alternatively, patients may be denied the quality of service that they have paid for or that is due to them. For instance, hospitals may require doctors to provide low quality medicines when pre-paid by insurance, thereby saving the hospital money.